Symptoms of pregnancy: how to know if you are pregnant

Are you looking for ‘pregnancy symptoms’ and want to know what are the first symptoms of pregnancy?

In this article, we explain what are the most frequent pregnancy symptoms so you can know if you are pregnant or not.

How do I know if I’m pregnant?

The first symptoms of pregnancy are very important to give you clues about whether you are pregnant when you have the suspicion and the pregnancy test has not yet confirmed it. If you want to find out as soon as possible if you have become pregnant, pay attention to these first symptoms of pregnancy.

(You are interested: all about the signs and symptoms of pregnancy )

Most frequent pregnancy symptoms

    1. Delay of menstruation. If your menstrual cycle is regular and suddenly delayed, you must be vigilant. It may be a simple unimportant delay, but it could also be the first symptom of pregnancy.
    2. Hormonal changes, which can occur in the most diverse ways, from mood swings to underarm spots, nothing less.
    3. Small blood loss. Some women get some blood out of the vagina about twelve days after they conceived. It is not known for sure what is the reason for this slight loss of blood, but it could be due to the implantation of the fertilized egg inside the uterus. If this happens, you should consult with the gynecologist.
    4. You want to urinate frequently. After six weeks of pregnancy, you may begin to feel like urinating more frequently. It is also one of the most frequent pregnancy symptoms. The main reason is that, during pregnancy, the amount of blood and fluids that circulate through the body increases and the kidneys work harder.
    5. Abdominal swelling. Another of the symptoms of pregnancy are the hormonal changes that take place at the beginning of pregnancy can make you feel bloated, in a similar way to the days before the arrival of the period.

  1. Tension and pain in the breasts. The breasts can swell, increase in size and show a special sensitivity, because of the increase in progesterone and estrogen. This pregnancy symptom manifests within a few days after conception. However, swelling of the breasts can be a symptom of menstruation, about to arrive, instead of a  sign of pregnancy.
  2. Nausea and vomiting. In most cases, the nausea of ​​pregnancy does not begin until one month after having conceived, although you may feel them earlier. Nausea and vomiting typical of pregnancy can occur at any time of the day and are a clear symptom of pregnancy.
  3. Aversion to some odors and flavors. When you get pregnant, certain smells may disgust you and even make you nauseous. It may be due to the rapid increase in estrogen levels in the body. The same can happen with food: things that you loved before and that now produce rejection. There may also be an alteration of the perception of flavors and abundant salivation. These pregnancy symptoms will manifest between the second and eighth weeks of conception.
  4. Tiredness and sleepiness. At the beginning of pregnancy, fatigue usually occurs, possibly due to an increase in the levels of the hormone progesterone. During the second trimester of pregnancy, the energy is recovered and at the end of the gestation state, the fatigue reappears.
  5. Increase in body temperature l. Although, this change may be due to cold or other disorders of this type.
  6. Constipation. The high concentration of progesterone, responsible for the relaxation of muscle tone, also causes a slowdown in bowel activity. And then, constipation appears, other of the most frequent pregnancy symptoms. To counteract it, it is advisable to drink a lot, eat a good amount of fruit and vegetables and make some movement: even simple and regular walks are enough to stimulate intestinal activity.

Little known symptoms of pregnancy

    1. Nasal swelling Although it may seem a lie, not only do the breasts and ankles increase in size during pregnancy, but also areas such as lips or nose can do so. The reason is the retention of liquids that occurs during pregnancy, especially in the last trimester.
    2. Itchy hands and feet. The intense itching that appears on hands and feet, called cholestasis of pregnancy,  is a very annoying disorder that appears at night, especially during the last stage of pregnancy. It is something that happens to a few pregnant women and the causes are unknown. It is believed to be due to genetic, hormonal and environmental factors.
    3. Tingling or weakness in the hands. Tingling or weakness in the hands,  called carpal tunnel syndrome, occurs due to compression of the median nerve in the carpal tunnel, located in the wrists, and manifests with alterations in the sensitivity of the hands. It is more likely to manifest itself in the third trimester and tends to disappear after delivery.
    4. Cramps and movement of the legs when sleeping. Rest badly, feel leg cramps and move them a lot at night are three consequences of restless legs syndrome. The main cause that causes this discomfort during pregnancy is anemia, which many women suffer for the first time during pregnancy. It is important to consult this condition with the doctor since he will probably prescribe iron supplements to the future mother.

  1. You cyst in the gums. During the first trimester of pregnancy, benign tumors or epulis may appear on the gums, due to hormonal changes. It is not very common, and although it usually disappears after childbirth, in some cases they must be surgically removed.
  2. Increased myopia If you are nearsighted, you may be a little more during pregnancy. It is one more effect of the hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy and that can cause that during pregnancy, even if you have a completely healthy sight, you can see blurry or some stain.
  3. Acne. Hormonal changes can also cause a pregnant woman to get acne-like when she was a teenager. This acne does not have to appear on the face, it may occur, for example, in the back. It is advisable to contact the gynecologist to apply a treatment to follow.
  4. Snot, many boogers. The presence of many mucous during pregnancy is called rhinitis of pregnancy and usually appears in the first trimester. What rhinitis does is that it seems that you are constipated or suffering from some kind of allergy. Constant cough, sneezing, congestion, nasal itching, and even migraines are some of the symptoms.
  5. Snoring. Nasal congestion, weight gain, and sleeping posture can cause snoring during pregnancy. Up to 30% of pregnant women snore during pregnancy, especially in the second and third trimesters.
  6. Nosebleeds Although not very frequent, during pregnancy some pregnant women occasionally bleed from the nose. This is because the blood clotting is disturbed, the blood vessels in the nose do not drain well and bleeding occurs.

When and how to do the pregnancy test

Beyond the symptoms of pregnancy, to have a truthful confirmation of the state of pregnancy it is not necessary to resort to the old frog test, but it is necessary to do a pregnancy test. The tests, which can be purchased at the pharmacy, contain an agent that stains blue or pink when it comes into contact with the hCG hormone, human chorionic gonadotropin, present in the woman’s urine. These tests are effective two weeks after conception, but, to reduce the risk of false negatives, it is advisable to wait a week for delayed menstruation before buying the product and taking the test. In the market, there are also more advanced tests that indicate, even, how many weeks the woman is pregnant.

If the result is not clear, the blood test of beta hCG can be used, which allows measuring the concentration of human chorionic gonadotropin in the maternal organism, or rather, of one of its fractions, beta. The blood test, repeated two or more times in the first weeks of pregnancy, also allows you to assess the increase in the hormone concentration and check that the pregnancy is progressing correctly.